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One of our volunteers, John, is very knowledgeable about old coins.  Here, he discusses the 1787 Connecticut penny located at the site on Saturday:

The coin found today at the site is a Connecticut state copper coin minted in 1787. After the American Revolution and before the United States mint was established, states such as Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey all minted their own state issued currency. The coin that was recovered, when it was in circulation was worth a penny. When the first official coins were struck by the U.S. mint in 1793, the pennies struck then were the same weight and size as those issued by the states. One of the differences was that the coins struck at the U.S. mint bared the words ”United States of America” and had one universal design for a number of years, rather than numerous designs for different states. Some visitors at the site wondered why a Connecticut state issued coin was found at a site in Massachusetts? The answer is simply circulation and trade of currency. The coins which were produced in their own state did not have to stay within the borders, but could be used outside state lines and still retained the same value. During the 1700s and even into the early to mid 1800s, foreign coins such as British, Spanish, French, Dutch, European, and other world powers exchanged coins through trade, similarly how we sometimes get a Canadian penny or a British 10 pence in our change today. The coin that we had found while exciting, is not uncommon to be recovered at a colonial era site. As the dig progresses I have a feeling one or two more coins may turn up. The ones that may be found may be newer or older.


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